PRIOR TO PLANTING
Weed control - Mark out proposed planting area and spray with Glyphosate herbicide (Roundup) at least two weeks before planting
Poor Soil? - When creating a new bed or changing an existing one, build it up with compost, or replace existing soil with a mix of good topsoil and compost.
Poor drainage? - Dig over or rotary hoe garden bed for improved drainage. Gypsum/Claybreaker can be mixed with existing soil to help break up clay. To improve drainage, raise gardens up slightly. For planting in wet areas, plant on a mound to allow water to flow from the base of the plant. Mulch also breaks down well to add humus and improve soil aeration. Finally, avoid compaction of the soil - especially foot & vehicle traffic.
PLANTING YOUR TREES & SHRUBS
Just Before Planting - Check the roots on all plants are moist. When planting new trees, soak the root ball in a bucket of water & double strength seaweed concentrate. To ensure the water has soaked through, wait until all air bubbles have stopped. The liquid seaweed stimulates root growth, giving your plant the best possible start!
Plant Food - plant with a slow release 10g fertilizer tablet. Use one tablet per 30 cm of tree height.
Planting - Dig the hole twice the width of the root ball, loosening the soil at bottom. As a general rule, trees should be transplanted no deeper than the soil in which they were originally grown. Some plants can be planted deeper - like eucalyptus, pines, poplars & willows, burying part of the stem.
Bare rooted (OG Grade) plants are planted in winter, these need to be planted as soon as possible after collection. If you are held up planting, unpack them and water if necessary, dig into the vegetable garden until you're ready to plant.
STAKING, MULCH & IRRIGATION
Staking - Larger specimen trees may need to be staked. Place 2 stakes 30-40cm out from the trunk of the tree. The webbing needs to be attached to each stake and around the trunk of the tree to keep the root ball firm in the ground. Stakes should face the prevailing wind, and be removed after 12-24 months.
Irrigation - As a general rule, plants require a deep watering twice a week, a good long soak is more beneficial than a light watering. Consider setting up a drip line irrigation system for hedge lines.
Adapt your plant's irrigation requirements to the current climate - eg rainfall
Mulch - Mulch is fantastic for moisture retention and weed supression, adding a finished look to your garden. Apply mulch approx 10cm deep, if you are using straw as mulch, soak before using. Avoid contact between mulching material and the stem of the plant. Organic mulches need to be reapplied occasionally as they decompose.
Tree Protection - Use tree shelters to protect plants from hares & rabbits, spray drift & the elements.